By Gerald Nelson, Sean Wallis, Bas Aarts
ICE-GB is a 1 million-word corpus of up to date British English. it truly is totally parsed, and includes over 83,000 syntactic timber. including the committed retrieval software program, ICECUP, ICE-GB is an unparalleled source for the research of English syntax. "Exploring typical Language" is a complete advisor to either corpus and software program. It encompasses a complete reference for ICE-GB. The chapters on ICECUP supply entire directions at the use of the numerous beneficial properties of the software program, together with concordancing, lexical and grammatical searches, sociolinguistic queries, random sampling, and looking for syntactic constructions utilizing ICECUP's Fuzzy Tree Fragment versions. precise cognizance is given to the rules of experimental layout in a parsed corpus. Six case reviews offer step by step illustrations of ways the corpus and software program can be utilized to discover genuine linguistic concerns, from basic lexical stories to extra advanced syntactic issues, resembling noun word constitution, verb transitivity, and voice.
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Extra info for Exploring Natural Language: Working With the British Component of the International Corpus of English
Is tagged 'PRON (exclam) '. Negative pronouns are marked with the feature 'neg'. These pronouns Table 9: Features of pronouns. class type number feature anticipatory it assertive demonstrative exclamative negative nonassertive one personal possessive quantifying reciprocal reflexive relative universal singular plural code antit ass dem exclam neg nonass one pers poss quant recip ref rel univ sing plu THE ICE-GE GRAMMAR 37 are neither, nobody, no one, and nothing (which are tagged 'PRON(neg, sing) '), and no and none (tagged 'PRON(neg) ').
Adjectives in periphrastic, comparative constructions, THE Table 5: Features ICE-GB GRAMMAR of the word class class morphology comparison 25 'adjective'. feature general -ed participle -ing participle comparative superlative code ge edp ingp comp sup such as more expensive and most expensive, are tagged 'ADJ (ge)', since they are not formally marked. 222 Adverb (ADV) Adverbs carry the main word class label 'ADV'. The class is divided into eight subclasses, which appear as features in the tag. These subclasses are summarised in the upper part of Table 6.
Multi-word subordinators may also be discontinuous. 7 Connective (CONNEC) The ICE grammar distinguishes two types of connectives: general connectives, 'CONNEC (ge) ', and appositive connectives, 'CONNEC(appos) '. General connectives are used to establish a relation between the current clause or sentence and (one or more) previous clauses or sentences. And we are suspicious again [W2C-001 #56] But his own position is well known [W2C-003 #47] However there have been delays [S2A-063 #6] CONNEC ( ge ) CONNEC ( ge ) CONNEC ( ge ) Appositive connectives are tagged 'CONNEC(appos)'.