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He fashioned a homemade wax plate to fit into his mouth. 6 The plate served another purpose—Craig was able to remain in uniform and continue his service as a soldier. The wars of the 1900s would see the invention of many more prostheses and assistive devices. 28 CHANGES IN INSTITUTIONS During the half century following the Civil War, schools for the deaf and blind increased dramatically in number. Many Americans placed a new emphasis on education during the latter decades of the 1800s, and those with disabilities believed education could improve their lives as well.

But some gains were made. Largely through the efforts of the National Association of the Deaf, exceptions were made for the deaf in hiring practices carried out by the Works Progress Administration by 1938. Yet the gains were temporary. By the following year, policies changed and the deaf were again considered unemployable. programs that treated nearly all individuals with disabilities as unemployable. By 1935, these protesters organized themselves and other people with disabilities into the League of the Physically Handicapped.

The result was a large number of accidents leading to disabilities. ”1 50 wartime employment policies were still largely unfriendly toward people with disabilities. But as the war continued, manpower shortages worsened. Government employment of people with disabilities skyrocketed during the war from approximately 30,000 in 1940 to ten times that figure by 1945. A mindset against World War II veterans welcomed government programs and social activities to help them reintegrate into society. people with disabilities seemed to have been changed.

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