By H. R. Post (auth.), Steven French, Harmke Kamminga (eds.)
This quantity is gifted in honour of Heinz publish, who based a distinc tive and exceptional university of philosophy of technological know-how at Chelsea collage, college of London. The 'Chelsea culture' in philosophy of technological know-how takes the content material of technological know-how heavily, as exemplified through the papers awarded right here. The unifying subject of this paintings is that of 'Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics', after the name of a vintage and seminal paper by means of Heinz put up, released in 1971, that's reproduced during this quantity with the sort permission of the editors and publishers of stories in historical past and Philosophy of technology. defined via Paul Feyerabend in opposed to strategy as "brilliant" and " . . . a partial antidote opposed to the view which i attempt to guard" (1975, p. sixty one, fn. 17), this paper, peppered with illustrative examples from the background of technology, brings to the fore a few of Heinz Post's important issues: the heuristic standards utilized by scientists in developing their theories, the intertheoretic relationships which those standards mirror and, specifically, the character of the correspondence that holds among a conception and its predecessors (and its suc cessors). the looks of this quantity greater than two decades later is an indica tion of the fruitfulness of Post's contribution: philosophers of technology proceed to discover the problems raised in his 1971 paper.
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Additional info for Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics: Essays in Honour of Heinz Post
I have learned in conversation with Professor Tisza that one ofhis grounds of preference for a thermodynamic-type theory as integrating theory is precisely the paucity of the (phenomenological) parameters required for a complete description (if. Einstein's 'Theories of Principle'). For his distinction of 'dynamic' and 'chemical', if. Durr, 'Approximate Symmetries in Atomic and Elementary Particle Physics', in Properties of Matter Under UnuSUIll Conditions, ed. H. Mark and S. Fernbach (New York, 1969).
They are written from points of view somewhat different from that of the present paper, and concentrate on inter-theory relations in present-day physics. , the (within certain limits) arbitrary character of the choice of theories integrating the system, I disagree with several points of detailed application, in particular with Tisza's choice ofintegrating system, which I attribute to his paying insufficient regard to criteria of simplicity. Philosophically, I would disagree with Tisza on many grounds, particularly with his instrumentalist view (theories agreeing within experimental error appear to be treated as identical).
Boltzmann refrained from going beyond 'relative atomism' to 'numerical atomism' and from pushing the consequential aspect, fluctuations, which may be regarded as instances refuting thermodynamics (H. R. , 3 (1968), note 44). In some views these instances are not even regarded as refutations of (a suitably formulated) thermodynamics. But the point I wish to make here is that historically this case is an example of the heuristic benefits of a reductionist programme. 4S An analogous example is Nernst's third law explaining how the second law of thermodynamics degenerates to Thomson's rule at low temperatures.