By Peter London

The flying boat is a distinct type of airplane, being able to function from sea or river and, in amphibian shape, from land too. Over 100 varieties of British flying boat and amphibian have been equipped in the course of a 40 yr interval from the times of the pioneer airmen to the arrival of the jet engine. Early makes an attempt at flying from water have been occasionally fraught, yet throughout the First international warfare the sensible army flying boat used to be progressively built, serving with the Royal Naval Air carrier as a big part within the campaigns waged opposed to the naval forces of Imperial Germany - relatively her U-Boats. The inter-war interval witnessed the expansion in prominence of civil flying boats as advertisement air routes turned demonstrated all over the world, significantly via Britain's Imperial airlines. gentle civilian flying boats have been produced to be used through deepest vendors and modest operators, whereas the army flying boats of the RAF have been many and sundry. in the course of the moment global warfare the flying boat defended Britain's sea routes all over the world with nice luck, and British examples have been additionally hired through some of the Allied international locations. but after the warfare, the sort pale from common use and, regardless of resistance from fanatics, by way of the mid-1950s that they had all yet disappeared. The British flying boat this day inspires and nice nostalgia and the few closing examples are rigorously preserved for destiny generations to proportion.

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The actual adjustments to level the aircraft using load cells are made with the jacks. When weighing from the wheels, leveling is normally done by adjusting the air pressure in the nose wheel shock strut. Safety Considerations Special precautions must be taken when raising an aircraft on jacks. 1. Stress plates must be installed under the jack pads if the manufacturer specifies them. 2. If anyone is required to be in the aircraft while it is being jacked, there must be no movement. 3. The jacks must be straight under the jack pads before beginning to raise the aircraft.

Typical loading graph. indd 3 3/14/07 10:26:36 PM Compute Weight and Balance Using the Loading Graph To compute the weight and balance using the loading graph in Figure 4-6, make a loading schedule chart like the one in Figure 4-7. In Figure 4-6, follow the horizontal line for 300 pounds load weight to the right until it intersects the diagonal line for pilot and front passenger. From this point, drop a line vertically to the load moment index along the bottom to determine the load moment for the front seat occupants.

This is distance (D). The weight of the nose wheel (F) is 340 pounds, and the distance between main wheels and nose wheel (L) is 78 inches. The total weight of the airplane (W) is 2,006 pounds. Figure 3-6. The datum is aft of the main wheels at the wing trailing edge. The location of the CG may be determined by using this formula: Figure 3-5. The datum is 100 inches forward of the wing root leading edge. 2 inches forward of the datum. 2 inches forward of the main wheels, exactly the same location as it was when it was measured from other datum locations.

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