By Jung-yao Lu

The comparative research of old linguistics makes a speciality of reconstructing historical styles in line with diachronic documents and typological info from a number of languages or dialects in a language team. the last word goal of the comparative reconstruction which calls for major cross-linguistic remark and theoretical reasoning is to illustrate the old technique of language adjustments. This booklet considers the diachronic improvement of either the chinese and the Naxi language, focusing fairly upon six contentious linguistic concerns which are linked to numerous linguistic adjustments in so much parts of the grammar of those languages, together with phonological adjustments, semantic adjustments, syntactic adjustments, and contact-induced alterations. those linguistic matters are: tonal splits in proto-checked syllables and subgrouping of Loloish; the semantic improvement of go back in chinese language; the semantic improvement of absorb chinese language; the advance of agentive passive markers in yes dialects of chinese language; definiteness and nominalization, relativization, and genitivization in chinese language; and the improvement of nominalization, relativization, and genitivization in Naxi. This quantity offers new tools and views during which those matters might be analyzed and resolved at the foundation of typological and diachronic proof. It makes use of cross-linguistic info from chinese language and the Tibeto-Burman languages with a purpose to reconstruct quite a few diachronic advancements in chinese language and Naxi.

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Additional info for An Investigation of Various Linguistic Changes in Chinese and Naxi

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For example, in the Mandarin dialect of Yangzhou, Nanjing, Chengdu, and Kunming, the groups of *voiced-initial and *voiceless-initial share the common tonal value [4], [5], [31], and [31], respectively. In the Xiang dialect of Changsha (䮯⋉), both groups maintain the same pitch value [24]. In the Gan dialects of Nanchang (ই᰼), both groups preserve the same pitch value [5]. Note that the Mandarin dialects of Yangzhou and Nanjing have no surviving original final stop, and the only syllable-final consonant is a glottal stop -Ƣ which was neutralized from *-p, *-t, and *-k.

In the Central Yi dialect of Nanhua, checked syllables with a *voiceless initial are found in the mid-level tone [33], but checked syllables with a *voiced initial are divided into the high-level tone [55] and the low-falling tone [21] without Sound Change: Tonal Split 39 any predictable conditioning factor. Note that this result is based on Matisoff’s reconstruction of *LB. However, when using Bradley’s (1978) reconstruction of *L, the tonal split in Nanhua seems to be conditioned by the three-way contrast between voiceless, voiced C-prefixed, and voiced non-C-prefixed initials.

It is uncertain if Southern Yi, White Lolo or other dialects of Yi could be of this type. 2. Tonal splits in possible Loloish and Burmish *checked syllables The subgrouping of Loloish languages has not been completely accepted due to several disagreements between Chinese and Western linguists; however, there are four languages which are most likely to be Loloish because they show numerous lexical similarities. They are: (1) Yi (Lolo), Chen’s main research language, was investigated in the previous section.

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