By Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang
Qiang is a Tibeto-Burman language of southwest China, spoken by way of approximately 70,000 Qiang and Tibetan humans in northern Sichuan Province. This booklet, the 1st book-length description of the Qiang language in English, comprises not just the reference grammar, but in addition an ethnological review, a number of absolutely analyzed texts (mostly conventional tales) and an annotated word list. The language is verb ultimate, and agglutinative (prefixing and suffixing), with a really complicated phonological method and either head-marking and established marking morphology. will probably be of use to typologists, comparativists, Sino-Tibetanists, anthropologists, and linguists regularly.
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary
3, is also a kind of assimilation. 6. Free variation Quite a number of lexical items in Qiang allow variation of the preinitial, initial, vowel, or final consonant. Examples: phi® ± phi≈ ± phi mux‘u ± muπ‘u ®quat® ± ≈quat® qu˙t ± qu˙t˚ khesu ± kheﬁsu Æwhiteﬂ Æsmokeﬂ Æstealﬂ Æcoverﬂ Æeightyﬂ ≤iq ± ≤ix fut ± futs xupå ± fupå ®qu ± ≈qu Æblackﬂ Æincenseﬂ Æfurﬂ Æmouthﬂ The most common of these is the /®/-/≈/ variation. 1 we discuss the syntax of the noun phrase and certain individual elements of the noun phrase, plus modifiers of nouns within the noun phrase.
4). 2, below for something of an exception to this statement). 1. The noun The noun in Qiang may be defined as a free form that can be followed by an (in)definite marker26 and a numeral-classifier phrase or number marking, and is generally not predicative without the use of a copula. Some nouns can also take gender and diminutive marking. 2, and can appear as the complement of a copula clause. Aside from being the head of a noun phrase, nouns can be used to modify other nouns directly (appearing immediately before the modified noun) or in a genitive phrase (also pre-head, with or Structure 43 without a genitive postposition).
They stay there overnight. The next day, the bride has to leave with the group to go to the groom’s family. Before stepping out of her family door, she has to cry to show how sad she is leaving her parents and family members. One of her brothers will carry her on his back to the sedan chair. Once the bride steps out of her parents’ house she should not turn her head to look back. She is accompanied by her aunts (wife of her uncle from her mother’s side, and wife of her uncle from her father’s side), sisters and other relatives.